Ficus Lyrata, or Fiddle Leaf Fig, is a popular member of the fig family Moraceae. It has large, glossy, sculptural lush green leaves with prominent leaf veins. These leaves have a violin shape and can reach 18'' in length. Ficus Lyrata is very effective in removing common airborne toxins and purifying the indoor air.
Fiddle Leaf Fig, native to the tropical parts of Africa, is a huge plant. It can grow up to at least 6-10 feet tall indoors. In its native habitat, Lyrata can reach 60-100 feet in height. Most indoor Fiddle Leaf Fig plants grow upright on a sleek trunk, so they are perfect for floor-standing planters.
Ficus Lytara isn't a very demanding plant, but it needs the right lighting, temperature, and humidity condition to reach. Its huge leaves needed regular cleaning, so wipe them with a wet cloth at least once per week so they can absorb more sunlight for photosynthesis.
Ficus Lytara rarely blooms indoors, but when grown outdoors, it can produce insignificant flowers, which develop into small, fleshy fruits.
Ficus Lytara's ideal lighting is bright, indirect sunlight. Plenty of light helps this plant grow faster, taller, and bushier. However, scorching sun might burn the leaves, so give this plant lots of filtered light. Low light conditions may stunt this plant's growth.
Ficus Lytara needs moderate watering, which should keep the topsoil always slightly moist. The frequency of watering depends on the size of the pot (and the size of the plant), as well as your environment. You should therefore check the soil's moisture level at least once per week and water when the top 2''-4'' of the soil is dry to the touch. Water thoroughly to prevent salt build-up, as this plant is very sensitive to high salt levels.
This plant loves rich, well-draining soils. Mixing some perlite with houseplant potting soil will do the trick. You should also pick a planter with at least one drainage hole.
Fiddle Leaf Fig grows well at normal room temperature (between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit). This plant does not like extreme and sudden temperature changes so do not place it near drafty areas (air-conditioning and heating vents). Lytara also thrives in normal room humidity (40-50%), but it grows faster with a bit more air moisture, so mist your plant and use a humidifier in dry days.
This plant should be fertilized once during the growing season (spring/summer) with diluted houseplant fertilizer.
Fiddle Leaf Fig is toxic if ingested so keep it away from curious pets and children.
USDA Zone 10-12
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)