Coffee plant, or Coffea arabica, is a member of the Rubiaceae family. It produces coffee beans - the source of the world's top consumed beverage. This is a familiar plant, but many people do not know that coffee can also grow indoors as a lovely, easy-to-care houseplant.
Coffee plant has beautiful glossy dark green leaves, making it a wonderful home decoration element. Potted coffee can grow up to 6 feet in height.
A mature coffee plant (at least 3-4 years old) produces white star-shaped flowers, followed by green fruits which turn red to almost black as they ripen. The seeds (or beans) inside these fruits can be roasted and ground to make coffee.
Coffee plant enjoys bright, indirect light. Put your plant a few feet away from a sunny window, and use a sheer curtain to filter the direct sunlight.
This plant prefers soils that are lightly moist but not soggy. Check the soil once a week and water when the first 2 inches of the top soil is dry. Allow the soil to dry out a bit more during autumn/winter to encourage blooming in spring.
This plant needs well-drained soils that is nutrient-rich, and able to retain some moisture. Choose a peat-rich potting mixture.
This plant thrives in temperatures of 65°F-75°F and grow well in normal room conditions. It does not tolerate freezing temperatures.
This plant should be fertilized twice per month during the growing season (spring/summer) with diluted houseplant fertilizer.
Coffee plant is to toxic to humans, dogs and cats so keep it out of reach of children and pets.
USDA Zone 9-11
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)