Succulents are one of the most popular types of plants, as they require very little care in the way of watering. Some don’t even need a lot of light, which makes them the ideal choice for spaces devoid of natural light.
However, like any other plant, succulents are not immune to problems. They are also prone to root rot when getting too much water or sunburn due to too much heat. What makes them different is that succulent plants try to communicate by showing signs that they are in need of attention. And one needs to know what each sign indicates to give them the proper care that they are asking for. So here, we will discuss the most common signs that you are more likely to encounter.
In watering, telling whether your succulents are receiving too much or too little is a bit tricky. Though there are signals, both problems show similar behavior, which makes it very confusing. The most simple way to tell whether your plant is being over or underwatered is by closely looking at the leaves of your succulents. Why? Their leaves are quite sensitive. So, before the problem gets serious, their leaves will slowly change and show symptoms, little by little.
Succulents with plump leaves likeEcheveria andGraptoveria will begin to show the stress of being underwater by having shriveled and wrinkled leaves. And as water storage continues to run low, their bottom leaves will dry up and start to fall as it tries to conserve water and energy for survival.
Flat leaves likeAeonium, on the other hand, will start to lose their firmness by looking all droopy and wilted, and begin to have wrinkly, shriveling leaves. After that, the bottom leaves will slowly have yellow spots as water deprivation continues.
Plump leaves will most likely have yellowish, translucent with soft, soggy leaves that may appear shriveled as well. Some plump leaves succulents like ice plants and lithops get busted and split instead due to too much moisture.
As for succulents with flat leaves, overwatering them will trigger the leaves to turn brown or black. This usually starts from the center or at the base of the plant, working its way up as it slowly rots caused by too much water.
While we all know that succulents are sun-loving desert plants, their needs for light are a little more nuanced as most don't really thrive well under full blasting sun exposure and extremely hot temperatures. The same goes for when they are in lack of it too. So how will you know if they are receiving just enough sunlight?
Stress due to extensive sunlight will trigger the rosettes of your succulents to close up tightly. This is their defense mechanism to protect its leaves from receiving intense light and heat.
Normal sunlight vs Too much sun (rosettes close up)
Leaves will begin to turn yellow or show brown patches that often start on the outside edges, and will have a rough texture with the smooth feel of the leaf.
Normal sunlight vs Too much sun (leaves turn yellow)
Leaves will soon show the first sign of impending sunburn damage by getting scared or developing a dark, discolored one leaf, which will be irreversible.
Lack of sunlight
Lack of sunlight (etiolation and lose color) vs Enough sunlight
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Not getting enough sunlight will cause the rosettes to open up and stretch out to reach towards the light source, and will continue to grow taller, away from the center creating large gaps on the stem between leaves.
Lack of sunlight (succulents lose their compact shape) vs Enough sunlight
Most of the time, the leaves will be smaller and lighter in color than normal. This means that lack of sunlight all causes your succulent to lose the intensity of its original color.
Lack of sunlight (lose color) vs Enough sunlight
Lower or bottom leaves will start to arch and point downwards, instead of upward as light deprivation continues.
Succulent with round leaves like String of Pearls will show sign of elongated leaves and spaced a bit further apart than normal.