Code MD24 for 17% off all orders

How to Grow and Care for Anthurium Plant

10 min read

How to Grow and Care for Anthurium Plant


Anthurium plants, also known as flamingo flowers or laceleaf, originate from tropical regions of Central and South America. The anthurium genus consists of around 1,000 perennial plants native to countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil, where they thrive in the warm, humid environments of rainforests and tropical forests. In their natural habitat, Anthuriums are typically found growing as epiphytes, attaching themselves to trees or rocks and absorbing moisture and nutrients from the air. These exotic plants have been cultivated and admired for centuries for their stunning flowers and glossy foliage, and they continue to be cherished as ornamental houseplants worldwide.

Anthurium plants have a striking appearance, with glossy, heart-shaped leaves and vibrant, waxy flowers. The leaves can vary in size and shape depending on the species, but they typically have a glossy texture and a deep green color. The flowers of Anthurium plants are what make them truly stand out, with their distinctive spadix (the upright, finger-like structure) and colorful spathe (the modified leaf that surrounds the spadix). The spathe comes in a range of colors, including red, pink, orange, white, and even green, adding a pop of color to any indoor space. Overall, Anthurium plants have an elegant and tropical appearance that makes them popular choices for indoor decoration.

Anthurium plant is often referred to as the "Flamingo Flower" due to its resemblance to the vibrant plumage of flamingos. The plant's colorful spathe, which surrounds the spadix and is often pink or red, is reminiscent of the striking hues found in flamingo feathers. Additionally, this plant’s graceful appearance and tropical flair bring the sense of elegance and beauty associated with flamingos, hence this fitting nickname!


Anthurium plants contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and discomfort if ingested. While Anthuriums are considered mildly toxic to both pets and humans if consumed, the severity of symptoms can vary depending on the amount ingested and individual sensitivity. To prevent accidental ingestion, it's crucial to keep Anthurium plants out of reach of children and pets, especially those known to nibble on plants. If ingestion does occur, symptoms may include mouth irritation, drooling, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. In such cases, it's advisable to contact a medical professional or veterinarian immediately for guidance and assistance. Additionally, it's important to note that handling Anthurium plants can also cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals, so wearing gloves while caring for these plants is recommended.

thurium red, thurium houseplant, How to Grow and Care for Anthurium Plant, Anthurium Plant Care Guide
Anthurium plants are considered mildly toxic to both pets and humans if ingested.
Photo by Larisa Stefanuyk

Anthuriums As Low-Maintenance, Air-Purifying Houseplants 

Anthurium ranks among the top plants recommended by NASA for air purification.  According to NASA, the anthurium is highly effective at removing formaldehyde, a gas commonly found in various household products such as leather, carpets, and fabrics. Additionally, it can also help to filter out other harmful pollutants like ammonia, toluene, and xylene from the air. This makes Anthurium plants not only a beautiful addition to indoor spaces but also an excellent choice for improving air quality and creating a healthier environment to live in.

Anthurium plants are adaptable and can thrive in various indoor environments, making them ideal for most homes. They are not overly demanding and do not require specialized care or advanced gardening skills. With their resilience and ability to tolerate a range of conditions, Anthuriums are suitable for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts alike. Whether placed in a well-lit living room or a moderately lit office space, Anthuriums can brighten up any indoor setting with their vibrant foliage and long-lasting flowers.

General Care


Anthurium plants thrive in bright, indirect light. For optimal growth, place your Anthurium in a location where it can receive bright, indirect sunlight for several hours each day. This could be near a north- or east-facing window where the sunlight is filtered through curtains or blinds. Avoid placing them in areas with harsh, direct sunlight, such as south-facing windows, as this can lead to leaf burn. Anthurium plants can indeed tolerate some direct sunlight, especially during the softer morning or late afternoon hours when the sun's rays are less intense. This gentle exposure can benefit their growth and flowering, provided it is not prolonged or too harsh. However, it's essential to monitor the intensity of the sunlight and ensure that the plants are not subjected to prolonged direct sunlight, particularly during the midday hours when the sun is at its strongest. Extended exposure to intense sunlight can lead to leaf burn and damage, affecting the overall health and appearance of the plant.

Anthuriums can also adapt to lower light conditions, but this may affect their flowering and growth rate. In low light conditions, Anthuriums may exhibit slower growth and fewer blooms compared to those in brighter settings. However, they can still maintain their foliage and overall health with proper care. It's essential to avoid placing them in areas with extremely dim light or complete darkness, as this can lead to weak, leggy growth and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases. If you have limited natural light in your space, it is recommended to use a grow lamp to ensure they receive at least 6-8 hours of adequate light daily to support healthy growth and flowering.

Anthurium plant, How to Grow and Care for Anthurium Plant, Anthurium Plant Care Guide, white anthurium plant

Anthurium plants need several hours in bright, indirect light to thrive.
Photo by nattapatt


Anthurium plants have moderate watering needs, preferring consistently moist but not waterlogged soil. It's essential to strike a balance, as overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause stress and wilting.

Water Anthuriums thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, typically every 1-2 weeks, depending on environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity. Ensure that excess water can drain freely from the pot to prevent waterlogging, which can suffocate the roots.

During the growing season in spring and summer, Anthuriums may require more frequent watering as they actively grow and produce new foliage. In contrast, reduce watering frequency during the dormant period in fall and winter, allowing the top few inches of soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

Always use room temperature water when watering Anthuriums, as cold water can shock the roots. Additionally, avoid wetting the leaves excessively, as this can promote fungal diseases. Instead, water directly onto the soil surface, allowing it to soak in gradually.

Monitoring the plant's response to watering is crucial. Adjust the watering frequency based on factors such as soil moisture levels, plant size, and environmental conditions to ensure the Anthurium remains healthy and hydrated without becoming waterlogged or parched.

Soil And Fertilizer

Anthuriums prefer a soil mix that is similar to what is used for orchids, as it provides the proper drainage and aeration they need to thrive. A blend of peat moss, perlite, and orchid bark or sphagnum moss creates a soil mixture that mimics the conditions of their natural habitat. This blend allows excess water to drain freely while retaining enough moisture to keep the roots hydrated.

When it comes to fertilizing Anthuriums, a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer formulated for houseplants can be applied every 4-6 weeks during the growing season, typically from spring through early fall. Dilute the fertilizer to half or quarter strength to avoid overfeeding, as Anthuriums are sensitive to excess salts and nutrients, which can lead to leaf burn and root damage. Apply the diluted fertilizer solution to the soil surface, avoiding direct contact with the plant's leaves to prevent potential fertilizer burn. Water the plant thoroughly after fertilizing to ensure the nutrients penetrate the root zone effectively.

During the dormant period in fall and winter, reduce or suspend fertilization to allow the plant to rest. Resume fertilization when new growth emerges in spring, gradually increasing the frequency as the plant becomes more active. Regularly monitor the Anthurium's growth and adjust the fertilization regimen as needed based on the plant's response and overall health. With proper soil and fertilization practices, Anthuriums can thrive and produce vibrant, long-lasting blooms.

red anthurium plant, How to Grow and Care for Anthirum Plant, Anthurium Plant Care Guide

Anthurium plant will add a pop of color in your home corner with its colorful foliage.

Temperature And Humidity

These plants are very adaptable to most indoor environments. Anthurium plants love consistent, warm temperatures and high humidity levels. They prefer temperatures between 65°F to 80°F during the day, with slightly cooler temperatures at night. Maintaining a stable temperature range is crucial for their growth and overall health.

In terms of humidity, Anthuriums prefer levels between 50% to 70%. This level of humidity mimics their natural habitat in tropical rainforests and ensures that they can absorb moisture effectively through their leaves and roots. To create a humid environment for your Anthurium, you can place a tray filled with water and pebbles beneath the plant or use a humidifier in the room where it's located.

While Anthuriums can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and humidity levels, they may suffer if exposed to extreme conditions. Avoid placing them near drafty windows or vents, as sudden temperature fluctuations can stress the plant and lead to issues like leaf yellowing or wilting. Providing a stable and comfortable environment will encourage healthy growth and vibrant blooms in your Anthurium plant.

Extra Care

Potting And Repotting

When potting an Anthurium plant, choose a container that has drainage holes at the bottom to prevent waterlogging. Place your Anthurium in the center of the pot and fill in the gaps with potting mix, ensuring that the roots are covered but not buried too deeply. Water the plant thoroughly after potting to help settle the soil. The pot's size should be appropriate for the plant's current size, allowing enough space for root growth but not too large to increase overwatering risk. As drainage is very important to Anthuriums, it is recommended to choose a pot made from a porous material like ceramic, terra cotta, or cement.

Anthuriums generally need to be repotted every 1 to 2 years, or when they outgrow their current container. Signs that an Anthurium needs repotting include roots protruding from the drainage holes, crowded roots, or stunted growth. To repot an Anthurium, gently remove it from its current container and shake off excess soil from the roots. Trim any dead or rotting roots, then place the plant in a slightly larger pot with fresh potting mix. When repotting Anthuriums, it's essential to use a pot that is only slightly larger than the current one to prevent overpotting, which can lead to waterlogging and root rot. Additionally, repotting is best done during the plant's active growing season in spring or early summer to minimize stress and promote healthy growth.


Pruning Anthurium plants is a simple yet essential aspect of their care routine to maintain their appearance and health. Regularly inspect your Anthurium plant for any dead or yellowing leaves, as these can detract from its overall appearance and may indicate underlying issues such as disease or nutrient deficiencies. Gently trim away any dead or discolored leaves using clean, sharp pruning shears. Make sure to cut the leaves close to the base of the plant to encourage new growth.

Moreover, after an Anthurium flower has finished blooming and starts to wilt, it's essential to remove the spent flower to encourage the plant to redirect its energy towards producing new blooms. Carefully snip off the faded flower stem just above the nearest healthy leaf node using pruning shears or scissors. This will help keep the plant looking tidy and promote continuous flowering.

Additionally, if your Anthurium plant becomes leggy or unruly, you can prune back any excessively long or straggly stems to maintain a more compact and balanced appearance. Identify the areas of the plant that require shaping and trim them back to a desired length, making sure to cut just above a leaf node to encourage new growth.

When pruning Anthurium plants, always use clean and sharp pruning tools to minimize the risk of introducing pathogens or causing unnecessary damage to the plant. Additionally, it's best to prune Anthuriums during their active growing season in spring or early summer.

pink anthurium plant, How to Grow and Care for Anthurium Plant, Anthurium Plant Care Guide

Anthurium is well-known by its colorful and attractive appearance.
Photo by aimintang


Propagating Anthurium plants can be done in several methods:

Divisions: This is the easiest, and most common way to create baby Anthuriums. Division propagation involves separating a mature plant into smaller sections, each with its own roots and foliage. To do this, carefully remove the Anthurium plant from its pot and gently tease apart the root ball into smaller sections using your hands or a clean, sharp knife. Make sure each division has several healthy roots and at least one leaf or stem. Plant each division in its own pot filled with well-draining potting mix and water thoroughly.

Stem Cuttings: Another method of propagating Anthuriums is through stem cuttings. Select a healthy stem with several nodes (the points where leaves emerge) and use a clean, sharp knife or scissors to cut the stem just below a node. Remove any lower leaves from the cutting to expose the nodes, which will encourage root development. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone powder to promote root growth, then plant the cutting in a pot filled with moist potting mix. Keep the soil consistently moist and provide indirect light until roots develop.

Offsets: Some Anthurium varieties produce offsets, or small plantlets, around the base of the mother plant. These offsets can be carefully detached from the parent plant and potted up individually. Ensure that each offset has its own roots and foliage before planting it in its own pot.

Seed Propagation: While less common, Anthuriums can also be propagated from seeds. Collect mature seeds from the plant's berries and sow them in a well-draining potting mix. Keep the soil consistently moist and provide warm, humid conditions to encourage germination. Seed propagation may take longer than other methods, but it can be a rewarding way to propagate Anthuriums.


Anthurium plants typically bloom throughout the year, although their peak blooming periods often occur in spring and summer. With proper care and environmental conditions, Anthuriums can produce blooms intermittently, adding color and vibrancy to indoor spaces.

To boost blooming in Anthurium plants, ensure they receive bright, indirect sunlight and maintain temperatures between 65°F to 80°F. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, allowing the top inch to dry between waterings, and use room-temperature water. Apply a balanced fertilizer during the growing season, following manufacturer instructions, and maintain high humidity levels through misting or a humidity tray. Promptly prune spent flowers to redirect the plant's energy. Avoid disturbances once buds form, and provide a stable environment to encourage successful blooming.

Common Problems 

One common problem with Anthurium plants is a lack of flowering. Several factors can contribute to this issue, including insufficient light, improper watering, or inadequate nutrition. Anthuriums require bright, indirect light to bloom, so if they are placed in low-light conditions, they may not produce flowers. Additionally, irregular watering or overfertilization can disrupt the plant's flowering cycle.

Other problems include overwatering, which can lead to root rot, and underwatering, causing drooping or yellowing leaves. Additionally, inadequate lighting can result in poor growth and limited flowering. Pests such as aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs may infest Anthuriums, damaging foliage and affecting overall plant health. Furthermore, fungal diseases like leaf spot and root rot can occur in overly moist conditions. It's essential to monitor these issues closely and take appropriate measures to maintain the health and vitality of Anthurium plants.

Recommended Items

Back to Top